This article was originally published here

J Cell Mol Med. 2021 Nov 5. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.17024. Online ahead of print.


Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a class of pluripotent cells that can release a large number of exosomes which act as paracrine mediators in tumour-associated microenvironment. However, the role of MSC-derived exosomes in pathogenesis and progression of cancer cells especially osteosarcoma has not been thoroughly clarified until now. In this study, we established a co-culture model for human bone marrow-derived MSCs with osteosarcoma cells, then extraction of exosomes from induced MSCs and study the role of MSC-derived exosomes in the progression of osteosarcoma cell. The aim of this study was to address potential cell biological effects between MSCs and osteosarcoma cells. The results showed that MSC-derived exosomes can significantly promote osteosarcoma cells proliferation and invasion. We also found that miR-21-5p was significantly over-expressed in MSCs and MSC-derived exosomes by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), compared with human foetal osteoblastic cells hFOB1.19. MSC-derived exosomes transfected with miR-21-5p could significantly enhance the proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays validated the targeted relationship between exosomal miR-21-5p and PIK3R1; we further demonstrated that miR-21-5p-abundant exosomes derived human bone marrow MSCs could activate PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway by suppressing PIK3R1 expression in osteosarcoma cells. In summary, our study provides new insights into the interaction between human bone marrow MSCs and osteosarcoma cells in tumour-associated microenvironment.

PMID:34741385 | DOI:10.1111/jcmm.17024

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Exosomal miR-21-5p derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells promote osteosarcoma cell proliferation and invasion by targeting PIK3R1 - DocWire...

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