Stem Cell And Regenerative Therapy Market : Segmentation, Industry Trends and Development size COVID-19 2024 – Kentucky Journal 24

he globalstem cell and regenerative medicines marketshould grow from $21.8 billion in 2019 to reach $55.0 billion by 2024 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 20.4% for the period of 2019-2024.

Report Scope:

The scope of this report is broad and covers various type of product available in the stem cell and regenerative medicines market and potential application sectors across various industries. The current report offers a detailed analysis of the stem cell and regenerative medicines market.

The report highlights the current and future market potential of stem cell and regenerative medicines and provides a detailed analysis of the competitive environment, recent development, merger and acquisition, drivers, restraints, and technology background in the market. The report also covers market projections through 2024.

The report details market shares of stem cell and regenerative medicines based on products, application, and geography. Based on product the market is segmented into therapeutic products, cell banking, tools and reagents. The therapeutics products segments include cell therapy, tissue engineering and gene therapy. By application, the market is segmented into oncology, cardiovascular disorders, dermatology, orthopedic applications, central nervous system disorders, diabetes, others

The market is segmented by geography into the following regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and the Middle East and Africa. The report presents detailed analyses of major countries such as the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Germany, the U.K. France, Japan, China and India. For market estimates, data is provided for 2018 as the base year, with forecasts for 2019 through 2024. Estimated values are based on product manufacturers total revenues. Projected and forecasted revenue values are in constant U.S. dollars, unadjusted for inflation.

Request for Report Sample:https://www.trendsmarketresearch.com/report/sample/11723

Report Includes:

28 data tables An overview of global markets for stem cell and regenerative medicines Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2018, estimates for 2019, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2024

Details of historic background and description of embryonic and adult stem cells Information on stem cell banking and stem cell research A look at the growing research & development activities in regenerative medicine Coverage of ethical issues in stem cell research & regulatory constraints on biopharmaceuticals Comprehensive company profiles of key players in the market, including Aldagen Inc., Caladrius Biosciences Inc., Daiichi Sankyo Co. Ltd., Gamida Cell Ltd. and Novartis AG

Summary

The global market for stem cell and regenerative medicines was valued at REDACTED billion in 2018. The market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of REDACTED to reach approximately REDACTED billion by 2024. Growth of the global market is attributed to the factors such as growingprevalence of cancer, technological advancement in product, growing adoption of novel therapeuticssuch as cell therapy, gene therapy in treatment of chronic diseases and increasing investment fromprivate players in cell-based therapies.

In the global market, North America held the highest market share in 2018. The Asia-Pacific region is anticipated to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. The growing government funding for regenerative medicines in research institutes along with the growing number of clinical trials based on cell-based therapy and investment in R&D activities is expected to supplement the growth of the stem cell and regenerative market in Asia-Pacific region during the forecast period.

Reasons for Doing This Study

Global stem cell and regenerative medicines market comprises of various products for novel therapeutics that are adopted across various applications. New advancement and product launches have influenced the stem cell and regenerative medicines market and it is expected to grow in the near future. The biopharmaceutical companies are investing significantly in cell-based therapeutics. The government organizations are funding research and development activities related to stem cell research. These factors are impacting the stem cell and regenerative medicines market positively and augmenting the demand of stem cell and regenerative therapy among different application segments. The market is impacted through adoption of stem cell therapy. The key players in the market are investing in development of innovative products. The stem cell therapy market is likely to grow during the forecast period owing to growing investment from private companies, increasing in regulatory approval of stem cell-based therapeutics for treatment of chronic diseases and growth in commercial applications of regenerative medicine.

Products based on stem cells do not yet form an established market, but unlike some other potential applications of bioscience, stem cell technology has already produced many significant products in important therapeutic areas. The potential scope of the stem cell market is now becoming clear, and it is appropriate to review the technology, see its current practical applications, evaluate the participating companies and look to its future.

The report provides the reader with a background on stem cell and regenerative therapy, analyzes the current factors influencing the market, provides decision-makers the tools that inform decisions about expansion and penetration in this market.

More Info of ImpactCovid19@https://www.trendsmarketresearch.com/report/covid-19-analysis/11723

Here is the original post:

Stem Cell And Regenerative Therapy Market : Segmentation, Industry Trends and Development size COVID-19 2024 - Kentucky Journal 24

Read more
13 promising Covid-19 treatments emerging from Israel – The Yucatan Times

In parallel to vaccine research, theres an urgent need for effective treatments for the respiratory disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus.

ISRAEL (Scientists across the globe are working on vaccines to prevent Covid-19 infection. After initial vaccines are approved, there is an urgent need for effective treatments for the respiratory disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus.

Most potential treatments target the life-threatening lung inflammation typical of covid-19 severe cases. Its caused by a phenomenon called a cytokine storm.

Cytokines are proteins that trigger inflammation as a natural response to infection. In response to a virus overload, in this case, in the lungs, the immune system activates a storm of cytokines. Too many cytokines lead to too much inflammation, which can damage the lungs and cause respiratory distress.

Israeli hospitals were among the first anywhere to use dexamethasone, a steroid drug, to stop cytokines storms and reduce lung inflammation in severely ill Covid-19 patients. However, steroids can suppress the immune response too actively.

Additionally, an Israeli hospital is among the first to do a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of ivermectin, a drug to treat parasitic infections in people and animals, to see if it can shorten the duration of the disease if given to Covid-19 patients immediately after diagnosis.

Israelis are also formulating novel therapeutics of their own. Here are 13 potential Israeli treatments using a variety of approaches.

PluristemOn June 11, Pluristem Therapeutics of Haifa announced a multicenter Phase 2 US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) efficacy and safety study of its PLX-PAD cells for treating severe Covid-19 complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

PLX, an injected regenerative placenta-derived cell therapy, stimulates the immune systems natural regulatory T cells and M2 macrophages, possibly preventing or reversing a cytokine storm. PLX cells potentially reduce the incidence or severity of Covid-19 pneumonia and pneumonitis.

Pluristem has treated Covid-19 patients under compassionate use programs in the United States and Israel. Initial data from 18 patients showed that 75% were off mechanical ventilation within 28 days.

PLX cells are available off-the-shelf and once commercialized, can be manufactured in large-scale quantities, offering a key advantage in addressing a global pandemic, the company said.

SilkimJerusalem-based Silkim Pharma recently submitted Coronzot, its novel treatment for Covid-19 patients with moderate to severe symptoms, to the FDAs Investigational New Drug (IND) program.

IND designation would give Silkim permission to start human clinical trials and ship Coronzot across state lines before a marketing application has been approved.

Coronzots novel mechanism targets a pivotal factor in cytokine storms. It removes an inflammatory overaccumulation of labile iron and replaces it with a minute amount of gallium or zinc.

This not only suppresses the storm but also inhibits viral proteins that attack the lungs and heart. Gallium inhibits virus replication and promotes apoptosis (self-destruction) of already invaded cells. Zinc helps suppress inflammatory reactions and enzymes that enable coronavirus replication.

The company is actively engaged in the FDA process. We look forward to finalizing the IND and then moving towards conducting clinical studies of Coronzot for Covid-19, said Silkim Pharma CEO Dror Chevion.

RedHill BiopharmaRedHill Biopharma, based in Raleigh, North Carolina, and Tel Aviv, is racing to advance our development program with opaganib for Covid-19, according to a June 10 statement by Dr. Mark L. Levitt, RedHill medical director.

RedHill acquired opaganib from US-based Apogee Biotechnology, which developed this oral drug to fight cancer, inflammation, and viruses.

RedHill has seen encouraging preliminary findings from six Israeli Covid-19 patients given opaganib under compassionate use to reduce lung inflammation. All were weaned from supplemental oxygen and discharged from the hospital without having to receive mechanical ventilation.

RedHill plans a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-arm, placebo-controlled Phase 2/3 clinical study on 270 US patients with severe Covid-19 pneumonia.

We are expanding the development program to Russia and additional European countries, parallel with the US clinical study, to accelerate the collection of robust data on the potential efficacy of opaganib against Covid-19, said Levitt.

The company is working with government agencies worldwide to allow more patients access to the investigational drug through clinical studies and compassionate use programs.

InnoCanInnoCan founders, from left, Ron Mayron, Iris Bincovich, Yoram Drucker. Photo by Rotem LahavInnoCan Pharma Israel and Tel Aviv University tech-transfer company Ramot are collaborating to develop a new CBD-loaded exosome technology to fight lung inflammation.

Exosomes, small particles created from stem cells, can act as homing missiles targeting specific damaged organs and facilitating cell-to-cell communication.

Combining the cell-healing properties of exosomes with the anti-inflammatory properties of the cannabis-derived compound CBD is expected to have a strong synergetic effect. The treatment is administrated by inhalation.

Stero BiotechsStero Biotechs of Bnei Brak has started a small clinical trial at Rabin Medical Center in Petah Tikva on the tolerability, safety, and efficacy of CBD-enhanced steroid treatment for hospitalized Covid-19 patients.

Steroid treatment is usually the first or second line of treatment for hospitalized patients. CBD enhances the therapeutic effect of steroid treatment and treats the bio-mechanism affected by the virus, the company explained.

Eybna and CannaSoulTwo Israeli cannabis R & D firms, Eybna Technologies and CannaSoul Analytics, develop a proprietary terpene formulation for modulating cytokine storms.

Terpenes are organic compounds found in cannabis and other plants. Studies suggest they can be effective antiviral agents.

CannaSouls Cytokine Storm Assay (from its Myplant-Bio subsidiary) will aid in optimizing and customizing Eybnas novel NT-VRL inhaled formulation for treatment and prevention of viral infections in high-risk populations and actively ill patients.

The FDA considers this assay as a good predictor for cytokine storm response and immunotoxicity, and it is commonly required in the development of biological treatments, according to CannaSoul Chairman and CSO Prof. Dedi Meiri.

The NT-VRL formulation intended to be used via inhalation, said Eybna CEO Nadav Eyal. This delivery method dramatically increases the terpenes bioavailability by directly contacting the infected cells in the respiratory system.

CannaSoul aims to identify other cannabis molecules capable of suppressing a cytokine storm in response to Covid-19 without completely suppressing the immune system. It is also studying how cannabis molecules could modulate the ACE2 receptor, which allows the virus to inject its genetic expression into human cells.

KamadaBased in Rehovot, Kamada has begun supplying its experimental plasma-derived Hyperimmune IgG therapy for compassionate use in severe Covid-19 cases in Israel.

The treatment is based on plasma donated by recovered Israeli Covid-19 patients. One critically ill patient at Hadassah Medical Center showed initial improvement after having the experimental IgG therapy but ultimately did not survive.

During the third quarter of this year, Kamada expects to start a Phase 1/2 clinical study in hospitalized Covid-19 patients in Israel and hold a pre-IND meeting with the FDA to expand clinical development in the United States in partnership with Kedrion Biopharma.

Kedrion is collecting plasma from recovered American Covid-19 patients at 23 FDA-approved centers across the United States. This will be used by Kamada to manufacture additional batches of the product.

To the best of our knowledge, Kamada is the first company globally to complete manufacturing of a plasma-derived IgG product for the treatment of Covid-19, said Kamada CEO Amir London.

Israel Institute for Biological ResearchThe government-run Israel Institute for Biological Research (IIBR) announced in May that analogs of two drugs for Gauchers disease proved effective against SARS-CoV-2.

This drug cocktail is made up of the FDA-approved Cerdelga and an analog of the second drug in advanced stages of the approval process.

The IIBR study on cell cultures demonstrated that the two-drug treatment significantly reduced the coronaviruss replication capacity and the destruction of the infected cell. This potential treatment is currently being tested in animals infected with the coronavirus.

The IIRB also isolated several critical coronavirus antibodies that successfully neutralized aggressive coronavirus in lab tests. These could form the basis of future treatment following further testing.

PepticomBased in Jerusalem, Pepticom computationally designs novel peptide drug candidates using artificial intelligence. The company raised $5 million last year.

Three months ago, Pepticom began implementing its proprietary AI technology on various coronavirus proteins to identify novel peptides that inhibit the interaction between the spike protein of SARS-Cov-2 and the ACE2 receptor thereby stopping the virus from entering the cell.

CEO Immanuel Lerner says three such proteins have already been identified and are being validated in the lab.

Using AI is a fast way to find these peptides, which are less expensive and easier to produce than antibodies, Lerner tells ISRAEL21c. Many parties are interested in looking at our results and finding ways to develop this further.

Bonus BioGroupIn April, Bonus BioGroup initiated a preclinical study of MesenCure, its unique drug for treating acute and life-threatening respiratory distress in coronavirus and pneumonia patients.

MesenCure consists of activated mesenchymal stromal (stem) cells from healthy adult donors. The activation of these MSCs is intended to boost their ability to reduce lung inflammation, promote regeneration of the diseased lung tissue, and alleviate respiratory and other symptoms in the lungs.

The development of MesenCure relies on more than a decade of related experience and technologies that Bonus BioGroup has used in developing its lead product, a tissue-engineered bone graft, also based on MSCs.

With the current coronavirus outbreak, Bonus BioGroup has started tissue culture studies into the potential of these MSCs, further activated, to alleviate inflammation, including in the lungs, and possibly attenuate the cytokine storm in COVID-19 patients, the company explained.

The preclinical study in several animal models is expected to be completed in the third quarter of 2020. The company said preliminary results indicate that following the treatment with MesenCure, the microscopic appearance of the treated lungs was similar to a healthy lung, and a significant improvement in additional related parameters was achieved.

Bonus BioGroup presented these results to 1,800 scientists, physicians, and public opinion leaders at the International Society for Cell & Gene Therapy virtual conference in May.

NanoGhostTechnion-Israel Institute of Technology Prof. Marcelle Machluf developed a drug-delivery technology that uses reconstructed mesenchymal stem cells as nano-vesicles to transport medicine directly to a target.

NanoGhost is the startup she established to commercialize the technology, which has proven successful in treating pancreatic, lung, breast, prostate, and brain cancer in mice. The NanoGhost technology has been patented in the United States and Europe, with additional patents pending in India and China.

Now, Machluf is adapting her technology to create decoy NanoGhosts that attract and entrap the coronavirus, making for a less severe infection. She explains it in the video below.

EnlivexEnlivex Therapeutics of Ness Ziona is developing Allocetra, a novel immunotherapy medication to treat organ dysfunction and acute multiple organ failure associated with sepsis and Covid-19, as well as solid tumors.

Allocetra rebalances a severely unbalanced immune system by engaging with the immune systems own regulation mechanisms. It is designed to restore a safe immune balance following a cytokine storm.

Enlivex is starting to recruit Covid-19 patients in Israel and in the United States to test the potential effect of Allocetra on moderate to severe cases. A patent from the Japan Patent Office is expected during the third quarter of 2020.

Weizmann Institute of ScienceOrganic chemist Nir London of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot is co-leading a collaborative project to identify small molecules that can bind to and inhibit a protease enzyme that the SARS-CoV-2 virus needs to reproduce.

London and his research team had previously developed an advanced method for identifying potential inhibitors for numerous proteins.

So far, we have made close to 800 compounds and tested more than 650 and keep getting closer to sufficiently potent inhibitors, London tells ISRAEL21c.

These inhibitors will be further investigated for their potential as a starting point for new drugs against the coronavirus.

London is working with researchers from Oxford University, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, University of British Columbia, and Californian-based biotech company.

The Yucatan TimesNewsroom

comments

Read the rest here:

13 promising Covid-19 treatments emerging from Israel - The Yucatan Times

Read more
Global Stem Cell Therapy Market Outlook 2025: Top Companies, Trends, Growth Factors Details by Regions, Types and Applications – Owned

Now available with Market Study Report, LLC, this report on Stem Cell Therapy Market delivers a succinct analysis on industry size, regional growth and revenue forecasts for the upcoming years. The report further sheds light on significant challenges and latest growth strategies adopted by manufacturers who are a part of the competitive spectrum of this business domain.

.

Request a sample Report of Stem Cell Therapy Market at:https://www.marketstudyreport.com/request-a-sample/2422751?utm_source=primefeed.in&utm_medium=Ram

The recent document on the Stem Cell Therapy market includes a wide range assessment of this industry with thorough division of this vertical. As per the report, the Stem Cell Therapy market is determined to grow and increase the return over the estimated time period and will record an outstanding growth rate y-o-y over the predicted time period.

As per the report, the study provides critical estimations about the Stem Cell Therapy market related to the sales capacity, profit projections, market size, and several other important parameters. The Stem Cell Therapy market document also assesses details about the industry division along with the driving forces that impact the renumeration scale of this industry.

Important aspects of Stem Cell Therapy market with respect to the geographical landscape:

Ask for Discount on Stem Cell Therapy Market Report at:https://www.marketstudyreport.com/check-for-discount/2422751?utm_source=primefeed.in&utm_medium=Ram

An outline of important points of Stem Cell Therapy market report:

is explained in the study.

. The report includes data regarding these products and offers information about the market share of these products.

. It also speaks about the market share gained by the application segments.

The research report evaluates the Stem Cell Therapy market and claims that the industry is anticipated to register a significant revenue over the estimated time period. Data with regards to market dynamics such as challenges present in this vertical, growth opportunities, and the factors affecting the business domain.

For More Details On this Report: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/reports/global-stem-cell-therapy-market-2020-by-company-regions-type-and-application-forecast-to-2025

Related Reports:

1. Global Cabozantinib Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025Read More: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/reports/global-cabozantinib-market-2020-by-manufacturers-regions-type-and-application-forecast-to-2025

2. Global Medicine for the Treatment of Advanced Thyroid Cancer Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025Read More: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/reports/global-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-thyroid-cancer-market-2020-by-manufacturers-regions-type-and-application-forecast-to-2025

Read More Reports On: https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/antidiabetic-drug-market-analysis-trends-and-cagr-projections-by-2025-2020-07-09

Contact Us:Corporate Sales,Market Study Report LLCPhone: 1-302-273-0910Toll Free: 1-866-764-2150 Email: [emailprotected]

Read this article:

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market Outlook 2025: Top Companies, Trends, Growth Factors Details by Regions, Types and Applications - Owned

Read more
Researchers at U of T use stem cells to grow functional blood vessel cells found in liver – News@UofT

An inter-disciplinary team of researchers, funded by the University of Torontos Medicine by Design,hasgeneratedfunctional blood vessel cells found in the liver from stem cells a discovery thatoffersan opportunityto study the rolethe cellsplayin liver developmentand diseaseprogression, and which couldlead tonew therapies to treat hemophilia A.

Thestudy, titledGeneration of Functional Liver Sinusoidal Endothelial Cells from Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Venous Angioblasts,waspublished this week in Cell Stem Cell. Itrepresents a collaborative effort betweenbasic and clinical researchersat U of T and the University Health Network (UHN)with expertise in stem celland computationalbiology,human liver physiology and functionand liver transplantation.

It alsodraws onprevious Medicine by Design-funded research that led to the creationin 2018of the first single-cell map of the human liver.

By combining insights from developmental biology and liver anatomy with thecellatlasof the human liver,we were able to generateand validatefunctional human liver vasculature from stem cells, saysBlair Gage,apost-doctoral researcher at the McEwen Stem Cell Institute at UHNand lead author ofthestudy.Nowwe canmove forwardto use these liver endothelial cells tobetterunderstandtheir role in liver functionand to develop new therapies to treat disorderssuch ashemophilia A.

Theinterdisciplinary researchteam also includes:JeffLiu,research associate atU of TsDonnelly Centrefor Cellular andBiomolecularResearch;Brendan Innes, a PhD candidate at the Donnelly Centre and in thedepartment ofmolecular genetics in the Faculty of Medicine;Sonya MacParland, scientist in themulti-organ transplant program at theToronto General Hospital Research Institute andan assistant professor in U of Ts departments of immunology andlaboratory medicine and pathobiology; Ian McGilvray,senior scientist at themulti-organ transplant program at theToronto General Hospital Research Institute and a professorinU of Ts department of surgery;Gary Bader, professor at the Donnelly Centreandthedepartment ofmolecular genetics; andGordon Keller,director andsenior scientist at theMcEwen Stem Cell Institute at UHNandprofessor in U of Ts department of medical biophysics.

Researchersinthe Keller lab had the goal of generatinga functional liver vasculature cell type known as liver sinusoidal cells (LSECs)fromhuman pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) cells that can self-renew and have the potential to turn into any other cell type in the human body. LSECs are essential for normal liver function and represent the main source of factor VIII,a blood-clotting protein that is missing or defective in patients with hemophilia A.

However, the teamhad todemonstratethatthecellstheyhadmadein the labhad thesamespecializedgenetic and functionalfeaturesasthose in thehuman liver.So they turned to the work of MacParland, Bader and McGilvray,whoin the first phase ofMedicine by Designs team projectfundingdescribed amolecularmap of the cell types in the adult liver.Thatresearchhascontributed totheHuman Cell Atlasan international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cellsand last yearattracted follow-on funding from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative.

This paper uses our human liver map as a guide to know if the cells beinggeneratedaretherightones through collaboration with Gary Baders group, says MacParland.The work really highlights thestrengthof MedicinebyDesignin bringingtogether researchers from multiple institutionstofocus on a common goal.

With Bader and Lius help, Keller lab researchers were able to use the MacParlandhuman livermapto show that thehPSC-derivedendothelialcellsthey had generatedshared manyof thefeatures found innormal liver vasculature. The Keller lab team then brought Innes on board toformat thedatafromthehPSC-derived LSECsfor the research communitytoeasilyexplorethe molecular profile of these cells.

This research was supported by Medicine by Design, which receives funding from the federal governmentsCanada First Research Excellence Fundand by theCanadian Institutes of Health Research.

The work continues in a current Medicine by Design-funded team projectled by Kellerthat aims to make other key liver cell types and put together the pieces to get functional tissueswith the goal of developing new cell-based therapies for liver-related diseases.That project is part ofanew $20-million round of team project fundingthat Medicine by Design announced late last year.

Medicine by Designbrings togetherinvestigatorsfromdifferent disciplinesatU of T and its affiliated hospitals to advance new discoveries in regenerative medicine and accelerate them toward clinical impact.Medicine by Designwill host ameeting of the Human Cell Atlass Development and Pediatric Atlasin July 2021in Toronto.

Go here to see the original:

Researchers at U of T use stem cells to grow functional blood vessel cells found in liver - News@UofT

Read more
An intriguingbut far from provenHIV cure in the ‘So Paulo Patient’ – Science Magazine

HIV, shown here budding from cell, remains stubbornly resistant to cure strategies because its DNA can lie silently in host chromosomes for years.

By Jon CohenJul. 7, 2020 , 9:00 AM

A 36-year-old man in Brazil has seemingly cleared an HIV infectionmaking him the proof of principle in humans of a novel drug strategy designed to flush the AIDS virus out of all of its reservoirs in the body. After receiving an especially aggressive combination of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs and nicotinamide (vitamin B3), the man, who asks to be referred to as the So Paulo Patient to protect his privacy, went off all HIV treatment in March 2019 and has not had the virus return to his blood.

The patients story is remarkable, says Steven Deeks, an HIV/AIDS clinician at the University of California, San Franciscowho was not involved with this study. But he and others, including the study leaders, caution that the success hasnt been long or definitive enough to label it a cure. Interesting anecdotes have long driven the HIV cure field, and they should be considered largely as hypothesis-generating observations that can simulate new areas of investigation, says Deeks, who also conducts HIV cure research.

Most people who suppress HIV with ARVs and later stop treatment see it come racing back to high levels within weeks. Not only did the So Paulo Patient not experience a rebound, but his HIV antibodies also dropped to extremely low levels, hinting at the possibility he may have cleared infected cells in the lymph nodes and gut.

Ricardo Diaz of the Federal University of So Paulo, the clinical investigator running the study, says he doesnt know whether the patient is cured. He has very little antigen, Diaz says, referring to HIV proteins that trigger the production of antibodies and other immune responses. But he notes his team has not sampled the mans lymph nodes or gut for the virus since he stopped treatment. Diaz discussed the patient today at a press conference for AIDS 2020, the 23rd International AIDS Conference taking place virtually this week, and he plans to present the study in full tomorrow.

Only two people are known to have been cured of their HIV infections:Timothy Ray Brown and a man who has asked to be referred to as the London Patient; both received bone marrow transplants as part of a treatment for cancers. The transplants cleared their infections and gave them new immune systems that resist infection with the virus. But bone marrow transplants are expensive, complicated interventions that can have serious side effects, making them an impractical cure for the 38 million people now living with the AIDS virus.

Other potential HIV cure cases have received intense media attention only to see the virus return after prolonged absences. Most soberingly, a baby in Mississippi who started ARVs shortly after birth stopped treatment at 18 months and was thought to be cured until the virus suddenly resurfaced more than 2 years later. Several adults who had bone marrow transplants and appeared to have been cured were not.

HIV has proven particularly difficult to eliminate because the virus weaves its genetic material into human chromosomes, where it can lie dormant, escaping the immune surveillance that typically eliminates foreign invaders. These silently infected cells may persist, perhaps indefinitely, because they have stem cell-like properties and can make clones of themselves. Researchers have come up with several strategies to flush reservoirs of cells that harbor latent HIV infections, but none have provedeffective.

To compare different reservoir-clearing strategies, Diaz and colleagues in 2015 recruited the So Paulo Patient and other individuals who had controlled their HIV infections with ARVs. The most aggressive approach, used in this man and four others, added two ARVs to the three they were already taking, in the hopethis would rout out any HIV that might have dodged the standard treatment. On top of this intensification, the study group received nicotinamide, which can, in theory, prod infected cells to wake up the latent virus. When those cells make new HIV, they either self-destruct or are vulnerable to immune attack.

After 48 weeks on this intensified schedule, the five trial participants returned to their regular three-drug regimen for 3 years, after which they stopped all treatment. Four saw the virus quickly return, but the So Paulo Patient has now gone 66 weeks without signs of being infected. Sensitive tests that detect viral genetic material did not find HIV in his blood. An even more sensitive test, which mixed his blood with cells that are susceptible to HIV infection, produced no newly infected cells.

Intriguingly, during the intensification period with nicotinamide, this man was the only one of the five who twice had the virus detected on standard blood tests. To Diaz, this suggests that latently infected cells had been roused, leading to blips of viral production. Im always trying to be a little bit the devils advocate, but in this case, Im optimistic, Diaz says. Maybe this strategy is not good for everybody because it only worked in one out of five here. But maybe it did get rid of virus. I dont know. I think this is a possibility.

Deeks says he does not know of any report, other than the two people cured by bone marrow transplants, of decreases in HIV antibody levels after stopping treatment. One large, outstanding question, he says, is whether the man indeed stopped taking his ARVs. I have not taken any HIV medication since March 30, 2019, the So Paulo Patient says. Diaz plans to confirm this by examining the mans blood for ARVs.

Another unknown is how soon the man started ARVs after becoming infected with HIV. Studies have shown that a small percentage of people who begin ARV treatment shortly after becoming infected have a better chance of controlling the virus for prolonged periods if they cease the drugs, presumably because they never built large reservoirs of infected cells. The So Paulo Patient started treatment 2 months after being diagnosed in October 2012. As with most people who become infected with HIV, he cannot say for certain when transmission occurred, but he suspects it was in June 2012. The only certainty is that he tested negative in 2010.

Its also unclear how nicotinamide would awaken silent infected cells. HIV DNA remains latent when it tightly spools around chromosome proteins known as histones. To make viral copies, it must unspool, and Diaz points to evidence that nicotinamide can trigger this unspooling in different ways.

Sharon Lewin, an HIV cure researcher who directs the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity in Melbourne, Australia, finds the antibody response intriguing. But she underscores it is not a convincing, controlled experiment. We need to move beyond case reports of HIV remission, Lewin says. I would be super excited to see long term remission in multiple participants in a clinical trial. This is what the field needs to really advance.

Originally posted here:

An intriguingbut far from provenHIV cure in the 'So Paulo Patient' - Science Magazine

Read more
Stem cell initiative: Save lives and energize the economy – Capitol Weekly

In our new financial reality, our state and you as voters are faced with tough decisions. Come November, you will decide the fate of Californias stem cell institute. This decision has never been more important to the future of Californias health care, for the patients and their families, than it is now.

Californians overwhelmingly approved the states first stem cell initiative in 2004, with nearly 60% of the vote, and widespread support from patient advocacy organizations, labor, business and elected officials. The 2004 initiative established the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) to fund medical research and the development of new treatments and cures.

If Californians do not pass Proposition 14, vital lifesaving research will come to a halt.

CIRM funding has advanced research and therapy development for more than 75 different diseases and conditions, more than 90 clinical trials, more than 1,000 medical projects at 70 institutions across California and nearly 3,000 published medical discoveries. This investment has already saved and improved lives, including a high school student who was paralyzed in a diving accident and was able to regain function in his upper body and go on to college, a mother who went blind from a genetic disease has had some of her eyesight restored, two FDA-approved cancer treatments are already saving lives, and many more.

As funding for Californias stem cell research program has now run out, Californians have a critical opportunity to pass the 2020 stem cell initiative Proposition 14 to continue to advance lifesaving research and treatment development. Proposition 14 just recently qualified for the November ballot with early support from more than 65 patient advocacy organizations, the University of California and Nobel Prize winners.

If Californians do not pass Proposition 14, vital lifesaving research will come to a halt. Medical discoveries wont be able to progress to clinical trials, delaying lifesaving and life-changing treatments for cancer, diabetes, heart disease, Alzheimers, Parkinsons, infectious diseases like COVID-19 and more for years or decades.

Additionally, not passing Proposition 14 would eliminate a critical economic and jobs stimulus for our state.

Arguably, our state leaders are rightfully concerned about the state budget amid the current landscape. But as we enter a period of economic crisis, this bond measure will act as an economic recovery and jobs stimulus.

It is not a tax; it is a general obligation bond that will be repaid by the state, over decades, beginning in 2026.

Proposition 14 will increase the amount of state funds available to tackle other issues for the next 10 years by increasing state tax revenues through 2030 potentially providing more state revenue than the cost of bond payments during that time. To date, Californias stem cell research program has generated $10.7 billion in increased state economic activity and hundreds of millions in additional state revenues. Californias stem cell research program also creates tens of thousands of jobs at every level from lab technicians and maintenance workers to nurses and physicians.

Proposition 14 is exactly the kind of long-term investment we should make now to rebuild our economy. The initiative was specifically designed to be fiscally responsible. It is not a tax; it is a general obligation bond that will be repaid by the state, over decades, beginning in 2026 a full five years after its passage.

We cant afford not to fund Proposition 14.

Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death and the leading driver of annual health care spending and bankruptcies. In California alone, more than 30% of the states budget is spent on health care. With this cost rising every year, it is a growing strain on California families and our state budget.

If we hesitate to fund proper research to develop cures for chronic illnesses, our health care costs will financially drain California families, as well as our struggling state budget. Reducing the cost of treating just 6 of 80 major chronic diseases or injuries by 1-2% would pay for the Initiative twice over.

The decision you make in November will have lasting impacts on the state funds available to tackle priorities California needs to address now, and in the future, including housing, education, or the environment. Proposition 14 will generate additional revenue to help address these issues now, and potentially save California tens of billions for the future.

Proposition 14 will cost the state an average of less than $5 per person, per year about the cost of a bottle of aspirin. That is a small price to pay to potentially save millions of lives and tens of billions of dollars in health care costs in the coming decades. At the end of the day, Proposition 14 could save your life or the life of someone you love how can we afford not to make this investment?Editors Note: Bob Klein is chairman of Californians for Stem Cell Research, Treatments and Cures.

Original post:

Stem cell initiative: Save lives and energize the economy - Capitol Weekly

Read more
Researchers uncover a critical early step of the visual process – Newswise

Newswise The key components of electrical connections between light receptors in the eye and the impact of these connections on the early steps of visual signal processing have been identified for the first time, according to research published today in Science Advances by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

To understand fully how the light receptors, called photoreceptors, impact the early stages of the process of vision, researchers have traditionally focused their attention on how two key sensory cells rods and cones convert elementary particles of light into electrical signals and how these signals are relayed to the brain through devoted circuits. Rods are used for night vision and cones are used for daytime and color vision. While it has been known for some time that electrical signals can spread between photoreceptors through cell connectors called gap junctions, the nature and function have remained poorly understood.

This research will lead to a better understanding of how the retina processes signals from the rods and the cones in the eyes, in particular under ambient lighting conditions when both photoreceptor types are active, such as at dawn and dusk. This knowledge is currently missing and may have to be taken into consideration when designing photoreceptor or retinal implants to restore vision, said Christophe P. Ribelayga, PhD, co-lead author of the study and associate professor and Bernice Weingarten Chair in the Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science at McGovern Medical School at UTHealth.

Co-lead author Steve Massey, PhD, is professor, Elizabeth Morford Chair, and research director in the Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science at McGovern Medical School at UTHealth.

The coupling or communication between rods and cones in the retina is critical for understanding how the visual signaling process works.

What the researchers discovered, to their surprise, is that rods do not directly communicate with other rods and cones seldom communicate directly with other cones. Instead, the majority of signaling happens through communication between rods and cones. Researchers identified a specific protein called connexin36 (Cx36) as the main component of rod/cone gap junctions.

We noted that every single rod has electrical access to a cone and that cone/cone gap junctions are very rare, Massey said. We estimated that more than 95% of all gap junctions between photoreceptors are rod/cone gap junctions; they have the largest volume and the largest conductance. So, rod/cone gap junctions dominate the network of photoreceptors both in size and number.

To help researchers better understand how the photoreceptor network is organized, they developed genetic mouse strains for the work that were bred to eliminate gap junctions in either rods or cones.

Our study has important implications, said Ribelayga. Our data position rod/cone gap junctions as the keystone of the photoreceptor network. The rod/cone gap junction is the entry of a rod pathway through which signals of rod origin can travel across the retina. We have thus generated mice that are essentially deficient for the entry of this pathway. In future experiments, we will use these animals to determine the functional importance of the rod/cone pathway in the retinal processing of rod signals and for vision.

In 2018, researchers in the Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science received more than $4 million in grants from the National Institutes of Healths National Eye Institute to study photoreceptor development, function, and electrical interactions. Ribelayga and Massey led the effort to lay out the architecture of the network of electrically coupled receptors, a critical step toward a better understanding of how photoreceptors encode light signals and how the retina processes these signals.

Additional UTHealth authors include Nange Jin, PhD; Zhijing Zhang, PhD; Joyce Keung, PhD; Munenori Ishibashi, PhD; Lian-Ming Tian; Iris Fahrenfort, PhD; Takae Kiyama, PhD; Chai-An Mao, PhD; David W. Marshak, PhD; Jiaqian Wu, PhD; Haichao Wei, PhD; and Yanan You, PhD. Marshak is with McGovern Medical Schools Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy; and Wu, Wei, and You are with the UTHealth Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine at the Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine.

Other authors include Sean B. Youn with Rice University; Eduardo Solessio, PhD; and Yumiko Umino, PhD, with the Center for Vision Research and SUNY Eye Institute at SUNY Upstate Medical University; and Friso Postma, PhD; and David L. Paul, PhD, with Harvard University.

See the rest here:

Researchers uncover a critical early step of the visual process - Newswise

Read more
University of Miami Miller School-led technology paves way for islet regeneration in human pancreas – Newswise

Newswise Scientists focused on finding better treatments or cures for types 1 or 2 diabetes are painfully aware of current limitations, including having to use animal tissue in studies that often dont translate to human trials.

New research published June 29 in Nature Communications could help researchers overcome some of the biggest challenges of taking diabetes research from the lab to human trials and the clinic.

By using a technology first developed at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine along with a Miller School patented approach to enhance the oxygenation of cultured tissues, researchers will likely be able to conduct real-time regeneration and development studies in the human pancreas.

The finding could lead to treatments that regenerate ones own pancreas without the need for transplantation, according to the studys senior author Juan Domnguez-Bendala, Ph.D., director of stem cell development for translational research and associate professor of Surgery at the Diabetes Research Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.

Dr. Bendala explained that in people who have type 1 diabetes, the bodys own immune system kills beta cells, or islet cells, in the pancreas that make insulin. Doctors have for years transplanted donor islet cells to replenish those cells.

But there are challenges to the approach. One is a scarcity of donors for organ transplantation. Another is when transplanting the islet cells is possible, the recipients body will likely reject the donor cells unless the recipient is immunosuppressed. Immunosuppression, alone, leads to complications.

The two pillars of our research are to replenish the islet cells that have been lost and then to stop autoimmunity, which is the underlying cause of the disease, Dr. Bendala said. We also are interested in using endogenous regeneration. We have found that there are pancreatic stem cells that we call progenitors because they already have committed to become part of the pancreatic tissue. Ultimately, we want to induce them to replicate and give rise to new insulin-producing cells within the patient, instead of transplanting beta cells from an external source.

Human pancreatic slices are very thin slices of the pancreas that keep together the organs natural architecture, including the much-needed islets.

The islets in these slices are surrounded by acinar cells, which make the digestive juices in the pancreas, and more importantly the ducts, where we have found the progenitor stem cells that can give rise to new beta cells, Dr. Bendala said. Thats why these slices are a very powerful tool to study the organ. Its as if you had a window into the living pancreas.

The problem when studying the regenerative process in human pancreatic slices has been that the tissue lasts only a couple of days before disintegrating and dying.

Dr. Bendala and colleagues determined that the main reason for cell death in the slices was a lack of oxygen. The pancreas is a very vascularized organ, and slicing it cuts off its blood supply.

Dr. Bendala and coauthor on the Nature Communications paper Ricardo Pastori, Ph.D., research professor of medicine, immunology, and microbiology and the director of the Molecular Biology Laboratory at the Diabetes Research Institute, circumvented the problem by placing human pancreatic slices in a culture device they invented that uses a perfluorocarbon (PFC) membrane.

PFC is a compound that is so rich in oxygen that you can breathe it in its liquid form, Dr. Bendala said. We have published on this device and shown that islets survive and function much better when we culture them on PFC. And when we differentiate stem cells into beta cells, the process occurs much more efficiently when you put them in PFC. It was no surprise that when we placed the human pancreatic slices into the PFC membrane that they survived and did much better than controls. We could keep them alive for about 2 weeks, some went as long as 3 weeks, and they were fully functional during that time.

Keeping human pancreatic slices alive for that long is a major breakthrough in diabetes research, especially in the area of islet cell regeneration, he said.

You need a model when you study regeneration. Traditionally we have used the mouse model, and, unfortunately what happens in mice in the lab often doesnt pan out in humans, Dr. Bendala said. This work is revolutionary because using these human pancreatic slices we can witness and monitor regeneration in a human model that resembles a real organ. That was not possible before because the tissue simply didnt live long enough.

The Miller School researchers also tested a molecule called BMP-7, which they have shown in previous studies to act as fuel to stem cells. They showed in this paper that BMP-7 can induce proliferation of pancreatic progenitors in human pancreatic slices.

When we added BMP-7 to human pancreatic slices, we could detect progenitor cells activating, proliferating and then giving rise to new beta cells. We could see that happening before our very eyes, he said.

The fact that the study also included tissue from human type 2 and type 1 diabetic patients makes it more much more likely that the research will facilitate progress to human clinical trials.

I took a step back when I saw this for the first time. This was a living human pancreatic slice from a patient who had passed 10 days ago, he said. I couldnt help but think, imagine if we had done this in the patient if he or she was still alive? Its really powerful.

Dr. Bendala sent PFC-based dishes at no cost to several other centers conducting diabetes research, so they could study the approach and potentially replicate the findings. In the meantime, Dr. Bendala and Miller School colleagues are screening molecules other than BMP-7 to see if they have potential to create new beta cells by inducing progenitors or by inducing the replication of pre-existing beta cells.

The goal is to have a therapy to present to the FDA to produce beta cells within a few years.

These technologies will greatly accelerate our ability to decide what is going to work in clinical trials, he said.

Read more:

University of Miami Miller School-led technology paves way for islet regeneration in human pancreas - Newswise

Read more
Stem Cell Therapy Market Regulations and Competitive Landscape Outlook – 3rd Watch News

Stem cells are most vital cells found in both humans and non-human animals. Stem cells are also known as centerpiece of regenerative medicine. Regenerative medicines have capability to grow new cells and replace damaged and dead cells. Stem cell is the precursors of all cells in the human body. It has the ability to replicate itself and repair and replace other damaged tissues in the human body. In addition, stem cell based therapies are used in the treatment of several chronic diseases such as cancer and blood disorders.

The global stem cell therapy market is categorized based on various modes of treatment and by therapeutic applications. The treatment segment is further sub-segmented into autologous stem cell therapy and allogeneic stem cell therapy. The application segment includes metabolic diseases, eye diseases, immune system diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, central nervous system disorders, cardiovascular diseases and wounds and injuries.

Request For Report Sample:http://marketgrowthanalysis.com/reports/sample/217

Stem Cell Therapy Market, By Treatments:

Allogeneic Stem Cell TherapyAutologous Stem Cell Therapy

Stem Cell Therapy Market, By End Users:

HospitalsAmbulatory Surgical Centers

Stem Cell Therapy Market, By Application:

OncologyCentral Nervous System DiseasesEye DiseasesMusculoskeletal DiseasesWound & InjuriesMetabolic DisordersCardiovascular DisordersImmune System Disorders

Request For COVID-19 Analysis:http://marketgrowthanalysis.com/reports/enquiry/217

Stem Cell Therapy Market, By Geography:

North AmericaEuropeAsia PacificMiddle East & AfricaLatin America

In terms of geographic, North America dominates the global stem cell therapy market due to increased research activities on stem cells. The U.S. represents the largest market for stem cell therapy followed by Canada in North America. However, Asia is expected to show high growth rates in the next five years in global stem cell therapy market due to increasing population. In addition, increasing government support by providing funds is also supporting in growth of the stem cell therapy market in Asia. China and India are expected to be the fastest growing stem cell therapy markets in Asia.

Key Players in the Stem Cell Therapy Market are:

Chiesi Farmaceutici S.P.A Are:Gamida CellReNeuron Group, plcOsiris Therapeutics, Inc.Stem Cells, Inc.Vericel Corporation.Mesoblast, Ltd.

Request For Report TOC:http://marketgrowthanalysis.com/reports/toc/217

The rest is here:

Stem Cell Therapy Market Regulations and Competitive Landscape Outlook - 3rd Watch News

Read more