This article was originally published here

Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1007/s13770-021-00390-9. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a potential therapeutic strategy for cartilage degeneration of osteoarthritis (OA). But controlling chondrogenic differentiation of the implanted MSCs in the joints remains a challenge. The role of kartogenin (KGN) for chondrogenesis of MSCs has been widely reported, however, the mechanism of chondrogenesis has not been elucidated in OA.

METHODS: In this study, we investigated the miR-145-5p, TGF-, Samd4, and p-stat3/stat3 expression in cartilage of OA patients and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) treated with KGN or miR-145-5p inhibitor. In addition, the cell proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation in vitro and in vivo of BMSCs treated with KGN was also detected.

RESULTS: In OA patients, the expression of miR-145-5p was up-regulated, and the expression of TGF-, Samd4, and p-stat3/stat3 was inhibited. When the BMSCs treated with miR-145-5p inhibitor, the expression of TGF-, Samd4, and p-stat3/stat3 was also significantly up-regulated. KGN-treated BMSCs had better proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation by up-regulating the expression of Sox 9, Col-2a1, aggrecan in vitro and in OA by down-regulation of miR-145-5p targeting Smad4 pathway. Moreover, intra-articular injection of KGN-treated BMSCs had a better pain relief effect in OA.

CONCLUSION: The double effect on cartilage protection and pain relief indicates a great potential of intra-articular injection of KGN-treated BMSCs for the treatment of OA.

PMID:34669172 | DOI:10.1007/s13770-021-00390-9

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Kartogenin Promotes the BMSCs Chondrogenic Differentiation in Osteoarthritis by Down-Regulation of miR-145-5p Targeting Smad4 Pathway - DocWire News

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