This article was originally published here

Sci Rep. 2021 Mar 4;11(1):5216. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-84628-5.


Multiple myeloma (MM) cells are derived from mature B cells based on immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene analysis. The onset of MM is often caused by a reciprocal chromosomal translocation (cTr) between chr 14 with IgH and chr 11 with CCND1. We propose that mature B cells gain potential to transform by reprograming, and then chromosomal aberrations cause the development of abnormal B cells as a myeloma-initiating cell during B cell redifferentiation. To study myeloma-initiating cells, we have already established normal B cell-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (BiPSCs). Here we established two BiPSCs with reciprocal cTr t(11;14) using the CRISPR/Cas9 system; the cleavage site were located in the IgH E region of either the VDJ rearranged allele or non-rearranged allele of IgH and the 5-upsteam region of the CCND1 (two types of BiPSC13 with t(11;14) and MIB2-6 with t(11;14)). Furthermore, p53 was deleted using the CRISPR/Cas9 system in BiPSC13 with t(11;14). These BiPSCs differentiated into hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). However, unlike cord blood, those HPCs did not differentiated into B lymphocytes by co-culture with BM stromal cell. Therefore, further ingenuity is required to differentiate those BiPSCs-derived HPCs into B lymphocytes.

PMID:33664418 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-021-84628-5

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Chromosomal translocation t(11;14) and p53 deletion induced by the CRISPR/Cas9 system in normal B cell-derived iPS cells - DocWire News

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