This article was originally published here

Leuk Lymphoma. 2021 Mar 29:1-10. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2021.1894645. Online ahead of print.


Advances in lymphoma treatment lead to increasing numbers of long-term survivors. Thus, secondary therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) gain clinical relevance. We analyzed 38 t-MN patients receiving an allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) after successful cytotoxic treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 9), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 24), and multiple myeloma (n = 5), who had developed t-AML (n = 20) or t-MDS (n = 18). Overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival at 3 years after allogeneic SCT were 43% and 39%. The cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 3 years were 19% and 42%. More than one therapy line for the lymphoid malignancy resulted in a significantly higher NRM rate and inferior 3-year-OS. Our data indicate that allogeneic SCT for patients with t-MN after treatment of a lymphoid malignancy leads to OS rates comparable to patients transplanted for de novo MN. Multiple lines of lymphoma therapy increase NRM and lead to inferior survival after allogeneic SCT.

PMID:33779471 | DOI:10.1080/10428194.2021.1894645

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Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for therapy-related myeloid neoplasms following treatment of a lymphoid malignancy - DocWire News

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